Paintings

Description of the painting by Ivan Aivazovsky Revel


Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky painted this picture in 1844. The work was done in oil on canvas. Now it is exhibited at the Central Naval Museum of St. Petersburg.
From 1219 to 1917, the Estonian city of Tallinn was called a revel. Even earlier, in the texts of Russian chroniclers, it was referred to as Kolyvan - a city in the Estland province on the shores of the Gulf of Finland, located on the outskirts of Revel Bay.

Revel joined the Russian Empire in 1710. Then he was made a border fortress. The upper part of the city, called Vyshgorod, was very well surrounded by moats, high stone walls and towers. The fortress was abolished only in 1867.

This magnificent building became part of Aivazovsky’s painting. High spiers of snow-white buildings majestically rise above the sea. The city is riddled with calm. From the stone walls of the fortress of dark brown brick, protection and safety blow.

The calm and majestic fortress contrasts beautifully with the worrying and stormy sea. At the same time, not a soul is visible on the shore, but a boat, densely packed with people, is depicted in the sea. The waves are not strong enough to turn the ship over, but the sailors have to fuss to stay afloat. In the foreground, only a few ships are shown, while in the background you can see a whole forest of masts, forming an impassable thicket. It seems that the sea is excited only in this part of the bay, and a little further complete calm and tranquility.

It is known that the painter, while working on the subjects of the stormy sea, never painted from life. Aivazovsky had an incredible visual memory, thanks to which he could create such masterpieces while sitting in his studio. At the same time, his landscapes were remarkable for their striking realism and expressiveness.

The artist himself explained such a habit by the impossibility of writing the elements from nature - it is very variable by nature. In his work, the creator used a special technique, which painters call "a la prima." First glaze is applied with a thin layer of paint. Then the artist on the wet layer with high speed finished the picture with quick strokes.

This painting is also written in such a technique. Here, as in most of the author’s works, the main distinguishing feature is the image of the sky and the sea. They are characterized by unprecedented realism and versatility.

Everything else is used by the artist as a background or accents. In this picture, the bright details are sailors in colorful clothes with a predominance of bright red, as well as the scarlet moisture of one of the ships.





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