Peter Paul Rubens lived and worked in the Renaissance and Baroque. The main feature of this era was the popularization of the art of the Ancient World. That is why in this picture we see the image of the ancient Roman goddess of love and beauty - Venus.
The central mode of work is, of course, Venus itself. The artist abandoned the usual image of people facing the audience. Therefore, we can observe Venus from the back. This is a rather unusual trick. The artist seemed to have seen enough of the image of the goddess in front, and decided to show everyone her hidden side. This expresses the innovation of the artist.
So that the image of the goddess does not seem boring to us, Peter Paul Rubens draws a small mirror in which the young girl looks. Mirrors played an important role in the Baroque era. With their help, the artists created a certain illusory, distortion, which gave each work a mystery, an understatement. We can only guess how the goddess looks in front. A small mirror is just a hint.
The goddess of love has delightful beauty. She is white-skinned with long golden curls. The dark-skinned maid, which is depicted to the right of the goddess, creates contrast at work - the skin of Venus literally shines. An African girl helps to braid her hair, so she took part of the golden hair in her hands.
In the left part of the work we see an image of an angel. This small, chubby baby holds a mirror that Venus admires. Here, in the picture, the pagan and Christian world merges. Venus refers to the Roman pantheon of gods, an angel - to the Christian world.
Venus is depicted completely naked. Only at the bottom of her back is a thin whitish cloth slightly covering. Of the jewelry, the girl decided to choose only earrings with a blue stone, and put on a gold bracelet with precious stones on her hand.