Paintings

Description of the painting by Mikhail Nesterov "Dmitry, the Tsarevich Slain"


In 1895, there he wants to prepare sketches for the conceived painting “Dmitry, the Tsarevich Slain”. The artist visits a museum where there were many icons with the face of a murdered boy. In the church, Mikhail Vasilyevich carefully examines the veil that the prince’s mother embroidered in memory of the murdered son. The shroud (shroud), embroidered by Dmitry’s mother in gold and silk, which depicts the prince himself, shocked the artist, who at that time his son was near death.

In Uglich M.V. Nesterov writes sketches with landscapes where, according to legend, the prince could walk, where he lived, where he was killed. Based on these landscape sketches, the artist paints a picture of the murdered prince. The result was a picture-icon.

In the right part of the picture, almost in the center, Tsarevich Dmitry hovering above the spring ground. His hands are folded prayerfully on his chest. The halo around the head is an attribute of icons and a symbol of the halo of holiness. Tsarevich as if listening to the voice from above. In the upper left corner of the picture he gazes at the Tsarevich, at the spring Russian land, Spas in the halo of a halo, and above Him - another halo from the rainbow.

The rainbow in the Russian tradition of icon painting is a symbol of God's connection with man. A rainbow is a bridge over which a person’s soul passes from temporary life to eternity in the kingdom of heaven. Representing the Lord Savior with a rainbow, the artist connected the earthly and the eternal, and the bridge through which the prince came from the Kingdom of Heaven to visit the earth, and through which the son of Nesterov who was at death could go into eternal life. Very closely intertwined in a picture of the fate of the boys, the artist himself.

The landscape only emphasizes the meaning, the deep idea that Nesterov tried to express with brushes and colors: there is no death, there is eternal life, and a person does not leave the earth forever. A spring morning so bright shows the glee of life after a cold mortal sleep. Each detail of the landscape is painted with love, some kind of delicate clarity. Here in the center, in the foreground, spring yellow flowers, like golden ones, the prince soars above them.
In general, a lot of gold in the picture. It is a symbol of the pure higher heaven on which God abides. Here are the willow pussies - small, with a golden hue.

White, slender Russian birch trees are covered with light spring fluff, which is also with a golden hue. A regal boy in a golden crown, on his face is tenderness and a slight smile. The prince’s light, almost white cloak is harmonious with white birches, trimmed with a pattern with gold. The lightness and transparency of holiness pervades the whole picture, pours out on the viewer.

Only a scarlet hat with a scream stands out against this bright, clean background - like a scream about what happened to an innocently murdered boy. Nesterov portrayed what he wanted. The artist showed the connection of the inseparable two worlds, and he succeeded remarkably.





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Watch the video: Maevsky Dmitry 1917-1992. Painting. Leningrad School (September 2020).