As the basis of the idea, Konstantin Gorbatov took the myth of the ancient city called Kitezh. According to the stories, a city was built on the banks of the Volga River - small Kitezh. The founder was Prince Vladimir. Soon, near the city, Lake Svetloyar was discovered and the city of Bolshoi Kitezh was built. The lake is unique not only for its legend about the mysterious city. Until now, scientists argue about its origin - it has all the signs of volcanic, old, glacial lakes. The name of the city, scientists, as well as historians say, is associated with the princely village of Kideksha, which was near Suzdal and was burned by the Tatars in 1237.
The artist decided to depict a city that looks like a large, ghostly ship floating on a lake. It depicts a large number of various buildings. The presence of oars and sails suggests that the ship-city can at any moment break loose and set off to travel the world. According to legend, when the Tatar-Mongol conquests took place, Khan Batuy came very close to the city of Kitezh and saw that the city was not protected and not fortified. This meant an easy victory. Suddenly, fountains of water burst from the ground, and hid the city under the water. According to legend, the city continues to live under water, its citizens remained alive and well. Since then, this place is considered sacred.
The painting "Kitezh" was painted in 1913. The work material is gouache and white, oil. Size - 49.5x59 cm. Today, the work of the artist Gorbatov can be seen at exhibitions and in antique salons.
Isaac Levitan Golden Autumn