Zinaida Evgenievna Serebryakova, nee Lansere, was born in the family of a famous Russian sculptor. For a long time, her family’s estate was the center of the artistic life of St. Petersburg. The girl’s ability to paint manifested itself even in the years of study at the female gymnasium, later she continued her education at an art school, and when she got married, she left for France and was already honing her skills in portraits.
The painting "Bath" was painted by the artist in 1913. Dozens of sketches were created to paint the picture, many of which are still kept in the storerooms of museums. When creating the canvas, the monumental style that was used by the artist in earlier works, and manifested itself with special tension and purity, was most clearly manifested. Golden tones were used to paint the picture, emphasizing tanning, sculpting and plasticity characteristic of the female body.
Most of the canvas is occupied by naked female bodies. Women are not at all embarrassed by their nudity; they perform a completely familiar and even ordinary bathing process. There is nothing mysterious and forbidden in this, but there is something attractive.
Following the traditions of Venetsianov, the artist does not seek to hide natural flaws, but does not emphasize them. With her inherent love for painting portraits, she pays particular attention to every feature of the female body. The perfection of the details presented was appreciated by foreign and Russian critics. In 1913, the painting "Bath" became part of the exhibition "World of Art".
Many critics believed that neither before nor after Serebryakova, there was no artist in Russian painting who could so naturally and simply convey the beauty of a female figure. The picture is devoid of any vulgarity; it conveys life and female beauty in the way its nature created.
Painting Three Heroes