Description of the painting by Alexei Danilovich Kivshenko “Military Council at Fili (1812)”

This picture depicts an extremely important event that played an important role in the history of the Russian Empire. The plot reflects the meeting of generals that took place at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Its initiator was Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov. After a recent battle, known as Borodino, the Russian army suffered heavy losses. The ranks of the soldiers significantly thinned, and this forced the commanders to make an important decision. The meeting took place in a small village called Fili, on September 13, 1812.

The point is to surrender Moscow without a fight and thereby save the remaining army. Thus, Napoleon’s troops will sooner or later be defeated, since such a strategy was the only way out in this situation. Kutuzov’s army advanced along the Ryazan road, after some time crossing to Kaluga. Eighty kilometers from Moscow, the army was replenished with people and ammunition, and also regained strength after the last clashes with the French. It was this decision that became a real salvation for Russia, having decided the final of the war and proving that Mikhail Kutuzov was a brilliant strategist and commander.

The painting depicts such personalities as Kaisarov, Uvarov, Kutuzov, Tol and others. There is a dispute between Mikhail Illarionovich and the generals, in particular, Venigsen. They discuss the battle that took place near Moscow between the soldiers of Napoleon Bonaparte and the Russian soldiers. The artist read about this event in Leo Tolstoy’s novel “War and Peace,” which inspired him to create the canvas and capture this historical moment. He put into the picture the truthfulness and emotionality of the heroes, emphasizing the psychological tension and importance of everything that happens. The canvas became the thesis of Alexei Danilovich Kivshenko.

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