"Still Life with Lemons and Oranges" was written in 1633 by Francisco de Zurbaran. Most of the collection of his paintings is devoted to scenes of monastic life, his favorite genre was still life.
This writing style clearly shows the unique ability of the Spanish artist to see in the prose of life a significant and sublime, deep interest and affection for the earth and things surrounding it. Still lifes are filled with severe laconicism and amazing harmony, giving power and solemnity to ordinary things.
The still life in question consists of three groups of objects - lemons in a plate, oranges in a small basket and an elegant cup on a saucer with a rose. Their strict order, lined up in one line, is one of the hallmarks of Zurbaran’s writing style. Thanks to this technique, he achieves volume and forces attention to each object of the composition. Another important role is played by the play of light and shadow. With the help of bright color contrasts, the volume and coloring are transmitted.
To my great surprise, many experts see in this picture an allegorical version of the visualization of the image of the Holy Trinity. Oranges and water in a circle are associated with the innocence of the Blessed Virgin, and a rose without thorns is a symbol of the Immaculate Conception. The rose is a symbol of the immaculate conception. This theory is quite the place to be, given the religious education of Francisco de Zurbaran. In the history of the canvas, other unusual nuances are also traced.
For example, contrary to the name of the work, it does not depict lemons at all, but citrons, which differ from the first ones in dense tubercle skin and large sizes. An unexpected discovery after one of the x-rays of the image was the presence at the early stage of creating the product image another saucer. It was supposed to stand between citrons and oranges, and filled with pieces of potato in caramel - a traditional dessert of those times.
Sonata of the Sea Čiurlionis